What is Internet of Things (IoT) | How does Internet of Things works?

What is Internet of Things (IoT) | How does Internet of Things works?

The Internet of Things (IoT) has been among the latest application of new technology trends. You may thinking about What is Internet of Things? But you are not getting a solid answer of your question What is Internet of things? So I am here to make your understand What is Internet of things.
In this article I will explain What is Internet of things?, Application of Internet of Things, How does Internet of Things works?, What are the  Internet of Things which are helpful to us in our daily life, Where to buy  Internet of Things.
Some people may using  Internet of Things but they don’t know what is  Internet of Things? Some appliances in your home come under the  Internet of Things.

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Internet of Things  (IoT)

As the name suggests, the Internet of Things (IoT) refers to devices that are connected to or can be operated via the Internet. These devices communicate with each other via the Internet to perform specific tasks. The data of these devices can be accessed on the Internet, and these devices can also be monitored via the Internet.
Data can be stored in the cloud, and you can access it from anywhere. Internet of things examples such as Amazon’s Alexa and Google Assistant.
Internet of things (IoT)  devices have many sensors and input devices.
Organizations in all walks of life are using the Internet of Things to improve operational efficiency,  to provide better customer service and many more.

What is Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things refers to IoT devices, which are all physical devices in the world that are connected to the Internet and can be controlled in real time via the Internet. It is called Iot, or Internet of Things.
These connected devices through internet share data and communicate with each other over the internet.
These devices are controllable over the internet by user from anywhere around the world.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system composed of interconnected computing devices, machines and digital machines, computer devices , smartphones or people.
These systems have a unique identifier (UID) and can transmit data over the network without the need for personnel.
These devices use various sensors and other devices to operate over the internet. Devices like LED bulbs, fans, machines, ACs ans any other things can be The internet of things.
Even medical equipment and heavy machinery systems can be used as the internet of things.
The internet of things devices utilized the Internet Protocol (IP). Without Internet Protocol internet of things does not works.

How does the Internet of things (IoT) work?

The Internet of Things includes many devices, each of which has different functions, but the working principles of the Internet of Things (IoT) are very similar. How does the Internet of things (IoT) work is the big question.
You know that IoT devices use the Internet to communicate with each other in real time. Internet of Things devices require processors (CPU), sensors, and communication devices in the device to send and receive data via the Internet. These devices most time runs on the open sources software.
Sensors in IoT devices collect data and process it to achieve the required functions. They store data in the cloud via the Internet, or they can store it locally.
IoT devices use cloud-based services to perform tasks remotely. Every Internet of things (IoT) devices have its IP Address to communicate with other Internet of things (IoT) devices. which allows us to use things remotely.
You only need to issue instructions to the IoT device to perform tasks.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning play an important role in the smooth operation of IoT devices. They make data processing and collection easy.
In most cases, IoT devices do not require human intervention. IoT includes extending your Internet connection to traditional devices, such as tube lights, security cameras and many more.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the IoT Devices

Each technology has its advantages and disadvantages. So IoT devices also have their advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages of IoT Devices

Although Internet of Things (IoT) devices have many advantages, they will definitely make our lives easier.  There are many devices available in the market with many Advantages. Here are the some Advantages of the IoT devices.
IoT devices save money as well affords.
You can get the information you need in real time from anywhere. All you need is a smart device and an internet connection.
Internet of Things (IoT helps us to monitor things which we can not monitor. Such as temperature, pressure and security etc.
You can automate many industrial and home devices. You need not to monitor these devices.
Multitasking is easy with Internet of Things (IoT).
Time management is possible with the help of the Internet of Things (IoT).

Disadvantages of IoT Devices

Some time there are more chances of being hacked by the hacker. Internet of things are the devices which are prone attack to the intruders .
Safety issue with IoT Devices. Malfunctioning of the IoT at homes and business can cause injury or fatal accident.
Chances of data breach and your data can be steal.
IoT can make us dumb because dependency on the technology is increasing day by day.
Privacy and security are the major issue faced by the IoT Devices. IoTs are the soft target for security breach.

Example of IoT Devices

There are many example of IoT Devices. Your Fan, Tubelight and AC can be switch ON or OFF from your smartphone app, these all are IoT devices.

History of the IoT Devices

In 1980, inventors installed sensors and artificial intelligence in the objects to make everyday objects smart. The Internet of Things was not popular in the early days, but now it is popular among young people.
At that time, the Internet and communication were slow and costly. Sensors and other programmable chips are also expensive and bulky.
They was consuming more power and space.
Kevin Ashton was the first person to use the term “Internet of Things” in 1999. After that, the Internet of Things completely changed itself.
RFID become the milestone to the IoT. RFID is the first IoT devices which can identify and locate the objects.
Today IoT devices make our life easy and object smart and efficient.

Security of Internet of things

When ever we talk about internet base technology security is our main concern because every buddy wants security. IoT devices around us sending and receiving the data over the internet which raises several questions about security and privacy.
Some time data collected by the IoT sensors is very sensitive and important. Thus security is very important to us.
Although the security record of the internet of things is very poor. IoT devices facing the big issue about the security.
Many IoT devices companies are promising the security of Internet of Things devices but IoT Devices are always on risk.
Iots are the easy target of the hackers and other intruders.
Webcams, refrigerators, tube light and other smart things are on high risk.

Privacy of the Internet of Things (IoT)

After the security of Iot devices we are also loose sleep for our privacy.  People are using IoT devices without knowing the privacy maintain by the Iot Devices or not. You need to know the privacy polices of the product.


The time has come when all the devices connect through the internet and utilize the internet resources to communicate and store data. Today everyone is online so things should be online. List of IoT Devices increasing day by day.

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