What is EV (Electric Vehicle)? | What is Electric Vehicle Technology?

What is EV (Electric Vehicle)? | What is Electric Vehicle Technology?

In this article you will find the knowledge about What is EV (Electric Vehicle), Types of Electric Vehicles (EV), How does an Electric Vehicle Work, The main components of  electric vehicles,Advantages of the Electric Vehicle (EV)

What is EV (Electric Vehicle)? 

If we think of a car running on an internal combustion engine, but thinking that it is a car without an internal combustion engine, we are thinking of an electric car.


What is EV (Electric Vehicle)?

The automotive industry is changing with each passing day, and the industry is adopting new technologies to make transportation and journeys more comfortable and economical.


Thus, most car companies work in the electric vehicle segment, and some work best in the electric car industry. Companies such as Tata, Tesla, Ford and others have launched many of their electric vehicles in the market.


Companies such as Apple and Microsoft make a significant contribution to the EV segment. Even Apple is working on its electric cars.


Electric vehicles are the future of transport around us.


What is EV (Electric Vehicle)? | What I Wish Everyone Knew About Electric Vehicle.


EV is an abbreviation for electric vehicle. An electric vehicle is a vehicle that is partially or completely driven by electricity. Electric Vehicles are driven by electric motors and batteries. No internal combustion engine is needed in EV.


These vehicles are today’s best alternatives to diesel or patrol-driven vehicles. To solve problems such as increasing pollution and global warming.


The cost of operating an Electric Vehicle is very low as compare to the diesel or patrol vehicle. These vehicles are environmentally friendly and have zero emissions.


All-electric cars have fewer moving parts, so they require less maintenance and less time.


Battery used in electric vehicle is made of nickel or lithium ion. Which is the main source of the power in electric vehicle.


Electric cars do not have clutches and gears. They give sport cars like experience.


You can even charge your car at home and it consumes very little electricity.

Types of Electric Vehicles (EV):


There are three main type of electrical vehicle are available in the market known as Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEVs), Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEVs).


Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEVs)


In this type of electric vehicle, a combination of electric power and diesel engine used to drive the vehicle. This means you can switch from electric mode to diesel engine mode for long-distance driving.


The diesel engine either charges the battery or drives the vehicle.


When your battery is exhausted, you can run the vehicle with a diesel engine until you find a charging point. It is very useful to travel long distances. They can charge the battery through regenerative braking.


This type of electric vehicle has very low fuel consumption.


However, it has several disadvantages compared to fully electric vehicles.


Disadvantages of the PHEV


The cost of electricity and diesel makes it more expensive.

Required frequent maintenance.

Noise pollution and air pollution.

Low battery capacity.

Do not support fast charging


Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)


These types of electric vehicles only use batteries to generate electricity and the motors in the vehicle. There are very few moving parts in this EV. Thus the very low maintenance cost and 100% Zero emission. The batteries used in these Electric Vehicle are rechargeable.


These batteries are fast rechargeable batteries, and the price and maintenance are more comfortable.


These EVs also known as the standard EVs. Level 1 and level 2 chargers are compatible with this type of EVs. You can also charge your EV with the level 3 commercial charger.


Battery electric vehicle are the most popular type of the EVs.


Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEVs)


In this type of electric vehicle, an electric motor is required to assist the internal combustion engine. These electric vehicles also have certain emissions, but they are lower than those of traditional vehicles.


In the HEVs  battery power helps the engine speed up the car.



How does an Electric Vehicle Work?


Electric cars are powered by electric motors instead of gasoline engines. They use electric power to accelerate. Thus they have electric components in it.   


The main components of  electric vehicles:

  • Charging port
  • Onboard charger
  • Battery
  • DC/DC converter
  • Electronics Power controller
  • Electric traction motor
  • Cooling system


These components help the electric car move forward and backward.


The on-board charger uses the electric port to charge the battery and store electricity to drive the vehicle.


The DC/DC converter smoothes the DC current of the battery, thereby generating a uniform current for the electric power controller. The electric power controller controls the current required for the motor to accelerate and decelerate. Electric power controller also works as the DC to AC converter in some vehicles.


The electric traction motor obtains current from the electric controller to generate torque to move the wheels.


The vehicle’s cooling system cools the vehicle’s motors, brakes, and electrical systems.


This is how an Electric Vehicle (EV) works.


Advantages of the Electric Vehicle (EV):


Since electric vehicles are the future of automobiles, it is more beneficial for consumers to invest in electric vehicles as wall as using electric cars is very comfortable and economical.


Electric Vehicles have lots of advantages. These are the some advantages of the Electric Vehicle:


  • Saving cost per Km is very satisfying advantages of the EVs.


  • There is no fuel requirement for electric vehicles. You don’t need to pay for diesel, patrol  and compressed natural gas for your vehicle. You only need electricity to charge the electric vehicle (EV). Compared with patrol and diesel, electricity is very cheap.


  • You will get rid of the frequent maintenance costs of electric vehicles. Most electric vehicles either have low maintenance costs or have not been maintained for a year or more. You not need to worry about the maintenance of the EV.


  • By using electric vehicles, you can also contribute to low carbon dioxide emissions. And help prevent air pollution and global warnings. You can use EV to save to the environment.


  • In addition, you do not need to go out to refuel the electric car, you can also charge the electric car at home. It can also save your time.




Q1. Which motor is used in Electric Vehicles (EVs)?

Ans. DC – Motor is used in most EVs. Some vehicles also use AC- motor.


Q2. What are the types of electric vehicles?

Ans. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEVs)


Q3. Is the electric vehicle alternating current or direct current?

Ans. Electric vehicles need AC and DC. The input of the EV is alternating current. DC is stored by battery.


Q4. Do electric cars have gears?

Ans. No electric cars do not have gear. It also do no have clutch.


Q5. Do electric cars have engine?

Ans. Standard electric vehicles do not have engines, but the other two types of electric vehicles may have engines.


Q6. Do electric cars need oil?

Ans. No, EV does not need oil as fuel.


Q7. What is the operating voltage of an electric vehicle?

Ans. The operating voltage of an EV is 400 volts.


Q8. How many parts does an electric car have?

Ans. An electric car has less than 50 moving parts. This is less than other covensinal vehicles.


Q9. What type of battery does an electric car use?

Ans. Most of the Electric vehicles are powered by the Lead-Acid battery.

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