What is 5G Technology ? | How does 5G Technology works?

What is 5G Technology ? | How does 5G Technology works?

5G Technology

Here, you will find an explanation of 5G technology  what is 5g technology and how it works, How 5G technology works, how important 5G technology is,technology used in 5G and how it changes the way the world connects and communicates?


It is specially designed to meet the growing demands of modern technological processes, including the huge growth of data and the growing interest in the Internet around the world, as well as global connectivity.

Lets make a glance on the generations Before 5G technology,

1G make voice calling possible to the world.

2G make SMS and Picture messaging easy.

3G, When we talked about 3G we talk about mobile internet . 3G create a revolution in mobile internet.

4G has made broadcasting and sharing easy and carry forward the evolution in the field of mobile internet. 4G is 500 times faster than 3G.

5G represents the fifth generation and push mobile technology to a great height. 5G can be 100 times faster than 4G.


What is 5G Technology? Introduction to 5G Wireless Technology.


Let’s start with the introduction for 5G wireless technology, as we try to understand this amazing new technology in detail.

5G is an upgrade to modern mobile services and a global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G networks. 5G is the fifth generation of mobile communication wireless network technology. The 5G network actually offers a new way to connect different devices and machines, virtually.

5G wireless technology aims to provide more users with higher data speed with higher reliability, huge network capacity, higher availability and more integrated user experience. High performance, high efficiency, provide new user experience.

5G Wireless Technology is a mobile technology that significantly increases the speed of wireless networks, among the devices.

This is 5G technology introduction.

What is 5G technology? How it works?

5G technology is based on OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), which is a method of modulating digital signals across multiple different channels to reduce interference.

5G also uses broadband technologies such as 6 GHz and mmWave.

5G and 4G both works on same mobile networking principles.

The maximum data rate for wireless broadband connections using 5G is 20 Gbps.

It also offers the ability to manage different networks, such as slicing a network where you can create multiple virtual networks using a single physical 5G network.


How 5G technology works?

Wireless communication systems use radio frequencies to transmit information over the air. 5G use thousands of small antennas mounted on cell towers, communication poles, light poles and buildings.

Wireless networks consist of small cells, each cells has its cell station that transmit data over radio waves within the cell. 5G wireless signals are transmitted through many cell station. 

Because 5G technology utilize the millimeter wave for transmission of data at higher speed so we requires the many small small cells and cell station.

5G technology in relies on the spectrum between 30 to 300 GigaHertz (Ghz).

Although the bandwidth is faster when transmitting information, it is more difficult to transmit over long distances. They are easily covered by physical objects, such as trees and buildings.

To overcome this problem, 5G uses several input and output antennas to increase the signal and capacity of the wireless network.

The technology also uses small transmitters.

According to current calculations, 5G can support about 1000 devices per meter which more than 4G.

5G technology allows you to “slice” a physical network into several virtual networks, which is called “network slicing”.


What are the advantages of 5G wireless technology?

5G wireless technology not only improves today’s broadband mobile services, but also expands mobile networks in many areas, with lower cost. Some advantages of 5G in different domains:

5G technology allows for fast transfers and one-tier communication due to increased speed. If 5G reaches the expected 10 Gps, it will be 100 times faster than standard 4G.

Thanks to the high power, it reduces latency and increases bandwidth.

Lowest Latency: Latency is the delay between the release of a command and the response. The 3G delay is 65 milliseconds, while the advanced 4G is 40 milliseconds behind, and the fixed broadband can be expected between 10 and 20 milliseconds. 5G is expected to run with a delay of 1 millisecond.

It will play an important roll in the advancement of robotic medicine, artificial intelligence diagnosis and telemedicine development.

It will boost the performance of the Internet things (loT)  devices.

Deploy emergency services for incidents faster

With the help of 5g technology, Connected vehicles share data to avoid road collisions.

Virtual meetings to increase the performance of the remote team is easy with 5G

5G makes our smartphones smarter with faster and smoother data transfer speeds, less latency, and lower bits, which in turn leads to the adoption of new technologies such as virtual reality or augmented reality.

5G will lead to the Internet revolution, because it can expand or shrink data rate, power consumption, and mobility.

High data speeds that allow you to add new technology options on 5G networks, such as 4G streaming or virtual reality (VR) and real-time streaming.


What is the difference between 4G and 5G? 5G Vs. 4G

Highly reliable: Due to the high spectrum range, 5G technology is more reliable than 4G. When working in this range, your gadgets will be very fast.

Low latency: Latency is the time it takes for the devices to communicate with each other after establishing a connection. With the help of 5G technology, a large amount of information is transmitted and received from each other in milliseconds.

High speed: Thanks to the high speed of 5G technology, it can work in real time. Its speed exceeds 50 megabits per second to gigabits per second.


When will 5G wireless technology be launched?

South Korea and the United States were the first countries to launch 5G wireless technology in April 2019.

India’s central government has set a goal of launching 5G wireless technology commercially soon.


Who invented the fifth generation network 5G?

There are currently nine companies selling 5G radio equipment and systems for carriers. These are the few compnies which are providing the 5G Technology: Altiostar, Cisco Systems, Datang Telecom, Ericsson, Huawei, Nokia, Qualcomm, Samsung and ZTE


What do I need to get 5G?

To connect to 5G, you need a 5G device and a 5G ready-made mobile or data plan. You must also be in 5G coverage area.


Technical Data of 5G:

Peek Data Rate                                           1-20 Gbps

Bandwidth                                                  1 – 6 GHz

Practical Data rate                                     10 – 100mbps

Area traffic capacity                                  0.1-10 mbps/m2

Availability of network                             99.99%

Mobility in network                                 300-500 kmph

Latency                                                       1-10ms

Error Rate                                                   0.01%

Connection density                                  10k-1m Devices/km2

Position accuracy of the network          10m-1m

Reliability of the network                       99.99%

Network energy efficiency                      60%

Spectral efficiency                                    15-30bit/Hz  

Maximum Speed:                                     20gbps

Real time Speed:                                      50mbps upload and 100mbps 


Application of 5G technology:

Conditions of use of 5G can range from business and professional use to simple application to consumers. Some application of how 5G can be used :

Blockchain technology

Location tracking with high precision.

Wireless services.

High speed internet.

High communication between devices.

High speed networks.

Communication with lower delay time.

4K streaming

Virtual reality

Automated Manufacturing Industries

augmented reality.

Real time streaming and analysis.

Network management and slicing.

Automatic vehicles.

Operation of home appliances.

In health care sector

Retail sector

Self-driving car

Power Electronics

Virtual reality equipment


Remote monitoring

Remote surgery


Is 5G harmful to people?

One of the main criticisms of 5G technology is that it is dangerous to health.

The working principle of 5G is to emit a type of energy called electromagnetic radiation. It uses higher frequencies than previous wireless networks, which makes it faster and more efficient.

Electromagnetic frequencies (such as those generated by 5G) create an area called the electromagnetic field (EMF). Some people believe that EMF has a negative effect on health.

Therefore, people are worried about how 5G will affect health. However, there are currently no health risks associated with 5G. 5G technology is completely safe.


5G smartphones:

Below is a list of the best 5G phones in India for all users who wanted to own 5G phones before the advent of technology:

OnePlus Nord CE 5G

Realme 8 5G

Mi 11X

Realme Narzo 30 5G

Poco M3 Pro 5G

Motorola Edge+

Vivo V21 5G

Samsung Galaxy M42 5G

OPPO Reno6 Pro 5G

Realme X7 Max

iQOO 7



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *